Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843)

English New Zealand mud snail Status LU: established. 1st record: 1996.
Lëtzebuergesch Neiséilännesch Zwergdeckelschleek Status EU: established.
Français Hydrobie des antipodes RA: ISEIA: A3, Black List. Harmonia+: n/a.
Deutsch Neuseeländische Zwergdeckelschnecke Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - New Zealand mud snail Wikipedia - Français - Wikipedia - Deutsch - Neuseeländische Zwergdeckelschnecke Nederlands | Wikispecies: n/a (2020) | CABI
Nederlands Jenkins’ waterhoren Back to the list of invertebrates

Brief description

New Zealand Mud snailsPotamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843) is an aquatic snail native to New Zealand. It has been introduced to Europe, North America, Australia, Iraq, Turkey and Japan. In several ecosystems it is considered invasive because it becomes highly abundant, impacting the structure and function of the invaded ecosystems. Females are parthenogenetic, meaning they can reproduce without males, so a population can be founded by a single female. Most the non-native populations are female. There can be up to six generations per year, with an average number of 230 offspring per adult per year. P. antipodarum can also tolerate desiccation for several days, which allows for rapid spread (such as by birds and fishing tools) throughout different aquatic ecosystems. In several countries, including Spain, USA and Australia, it is considered as an invasive species (CABI 2019).

Status and distribution in Luxembourg

Records of Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843) in Luxembourg. Data source: Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2020-09-19.

Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843) was first documented by Gerhard Weitmann and Klaus Groh on 17 June 1996 in the Moselle river in the municipality of Remich (MNHNL 2000-).

Currently, 52 records of the New Zealand mud snail are accessible through the MNHNL-mdata portal (MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF 2019).

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol

A3 (3+2+3+3) = Black List (Ries et al. 2017: 68).

Harmonia+ protocol

Not assessed yet.

Worldwide distribution

Bibliography

  • CABI, 2019. Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843). In: Invasive Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. URL: www.cabi.org/isc [accessed 2020-04-21]
  • MNHNL, 2000-. Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843) in Recorder-Lux, database on the natural heritage of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Musée national d’histoire naturelle, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [Accessed 2019-10-24]
  • MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2019. Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843) in MNHNL-mdata, online portal combining species observation from Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist and GBIF. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [Accessed 2019-10-24]
  • Ries, C., A. Arendt, C. Braunert, S. Christian, A. Dohet, A. Frantz, G. Geimer, M. Hellers, J. A. Massard, X. Mestdagh, R. Proess, N. Schneider & M. Pfeiffenschneider, 2017. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of invertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 119: 63-70. [PDF 360 KB]

 Page content last updated on 2020-04-21.

Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834)

English Chinese pond mussel Status LU: absent.
Lëtzebuergesch Chinesesch Weiermuschel Status EU: established.
Français Anodonte chinois RA: ISEIA: C0. Harmonia+: n/a.
Deutsch Chinesische Teichmuschel Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - Chinese pond mussel Wikipedia - Français - Anodonte chinois Nederlands | Wikispecies: n/a (2020) | CABI
Nederlands n/a Back to the list of invertebrates

Brief description

1k Sinanodonta-woodiana 01Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) is a species of freshwater mussel, an aquatic bivalve mollusk in the family Unionidae, the river mussels. The Chinese pond mussel can reach sizes of up to 30 cm and an age of 12–14 years. Yet, they can reproduce in their first year while only 3–4 cm in size. This large freshwater mussel is a habitat generalist with high silt tolerance. It is established worldwide despite having, like all unionid mussels, an obligatory parasitic stage (glochidium), which must encyst on host fish. The species is a broad host generalist, which can complete its development on all fish species tested, both coinvasive and native. The presence of S. woodiana can seriously influence indigenous unionid populations. Sinanodonta woodiana’s great success is attributed to importation and commercialization of Asian carp, its native host. S. woodiana was introduced in Tuscany both inadvertently, and for artificial pearl production. The species is also sold in garden centers as biofiltration for artificial ponds (CABI 2019).

Status and distribution in Luxembourg

Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) has not yet been observed in Luxembourg (MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF 2020).

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol

C0 (2+1+2+1) (Ries et al. 2017: 68).

Harmonia+ protocol

Not assessed yet.

Worldwide distribution

Bibliography

  • CABI, 2019. Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834). In: Invasive Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. URL: www.cabi.org/isc [accessed 2020-04-21]
  • MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2020. Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) in MNHNL-mdata, online portal combining species observation from Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist and GBIF. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [Accessed 2020-04-21]
  • Ries, C., A. Arendt, C. Braunert, S. Christian, A. Dohet, A. Frantz, G. Geimer, M. Hellers, J. A. Massard, X. Mestdagh, R. Proess, N. Schneider & M. Pfeiffenschneider, 2017. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of invertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 119: 63-70. [PDF 360 KB]

 Page content last updated on 2020-04-21.

Corbicula fluminalis (O.F. Müller, 1774)

English n/a Status LU: established. 1st record: 1996.
Lëtzebuergesch Asiatesch Kuerfmuschel Status EU: established.
Français Corbicule asiatique RA: ISEIA: A2, Black List. Harmonia+: n/a.
Deutsch Feingerippte Körbchenmuschel Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - Corbicula fluminalis Wikipedia - Français - Corbicula fluminalis Wikipedia - Deutsch - Nederlands | Wikispecies: n/a (2020) | CABI
Nederlands Toegeknepen korfmossel Back to the list of invertebrates

Brief description

Feingerippte, innen und außenCorbicula fluminalis (O.F. Müller, 1774) is a species of freshwater clam, an aquatic bivalve mollusk in the family Cyrenidae. This species is distinct from, but often confused with, the rather similar species Corbicula fluminea. Even though both species are native to Asia, they are both present as introduced species in the United States and Europe, and they are both commonly known as “Asian clams” (Wikipedia contributors 2019).

The original distribution area of Corbicula fluminalis includes the Near East (the type material came from the Euphrates), Central Asia (Uzbekistan) and the Caucasus (Azerbaijan) and North Africa. The animals prefer to live on sandy and muddy river bottoms. Corbicula fluminalis is found today in almost all major Central European rivers, often sympatric with Corbicula fluminea (Wikipedia Editor 2019).

Status and distribution in Luxembourg

Records of Corbicula fluminalis (O.F. Müller, 1774) in Luxembourg. Data source: Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2020-09-19.

In Luxembourg, Corbicula fluminalis (O.F. Müller, 1774) was first found by Klaus Groh on 17 June 1996 in the Moselle river in the municipality of Remich (MNHNL 2000-, Bachmann & Usseglio-Polatera 1999).

Currently, 8 records (1996-2002) of Corbicula fluminalis are accessible through the MNHNL-mdata portal, all of them from the Moselle river (MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF 2019).

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol

A2 (3+3+3+3) = Black List (Ries et al. 2017: 68).

Harmonia+ protocol

Not assessed yet.

Worldwide distribution

Bibliography

  • Bachmann V. & P. Usseglio-Polatera, 1999. Contribution of the macrobenthic compartment to the oxygen budget of a large regulated river: the Mosel. Hydrobiologia. 410 (17), 39-46.
  • CABI, 2019. Corbicula fluminalis (O.F. Müller, 1774). In: Invasive Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. URL: www.cabi.org/isc [accessed 2020-04-21]
  • MNHNL, 2000-. Corbicula fluminalis (O.F. Müller, 1774) in Recorder-Lux, database on the natural heritage of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Musée national d’histoire naturelle, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [Accessed 2019-10-24]
  • MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2019. Corbicula fluminalis (O.F. Müller, 1774) in MNHNL-mdata, online portal combining species observation from Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist and GBIF. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [Accessed 2019-10-24]
  • Ries, C., A. Arendt, C. Braunert, S. Christian, A. Dohet, A. Frantz, G. Geimer, M. Hellers, J. A. Massard, X. Mestdagh, R. Proess, N. Schneider & M. Pfeiffenschneider, 2017. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of invertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 119: 63-70. [PDF 360 KB]
  • Wikipedia Bearbeiter, 2019. Feingerippte Körbchenmuschel. In: Wikipedia, Die freie Enzyklopädie. Bearbeitungsstand: 20. Dezember 2019, 15:19 UTC. URL: https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Feingerippte_K%C3%B6rbchenmuschel&oldid=195082277 [accessed 2020-04-21]
  • Wikipedia contributors, 2019. Corbicula fluminalis, Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 10 April 2019, 21:39 UTC, <https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Corbicula_fluminalis&oldid=891900774> [accessed 2020-04-21]

 Page content last updated on 2020-04-28.

Corbicula fluminea (O.F. Müller, 1774)

English Asian clam Status LU: established. 1st record: 1996.
Lëtzebuergesch Kleng asiatesch Kuerfmuschel Status EU: established.
Français Palourde asiatique RA: ISEIA: A2, Black List. Harmonia+: n/a.
Deutsch Asiatische Körbchenmuschel Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - Asian clam Wikipedia - Français - Palourde asiatique Wikipedia - Deutsch - Asiatische Körbchenmuschel Nederlands | Wikispecies: n/a (2020) | CABI
Nederlands Aziatische korfmossel Back to the list of invertebrates

Brief description

Corbicula flumineaCorbicula fluminea (O.F. Müller, 1774) is an inland water, filter-feeding bivalve native to southeast Asia but causing numerous problems in its new range of distribution in the Americas, Europe and Australia. C. fluminea spreads when it is attached to boats or carried in ballast water, used as bait, sold through the aquarium trade and carried with water currents. Its reproductive success and ability to spread rapidly has resulted in this species having one of the most rapid expansions of any non-native species in North America. Before the invasion of the zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha, in North America, C. fluminea was described by McMahon (1983) as ‘one of the most important molluscan pest species ever introduced into the United States’. Aldridge and Muller (2001) review the potential impacts that the spread of C. fluminea may have on British industry and aquatic systems. In the DAISIE project, C. fluminea is listed on the 100 worst invasive species (CABI 2019).

Status and distribution in Luxembourg

Records of Corbicula fluminea (O.F. Müller, 1774) in Luxembourg. Data source: Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2020-09-19.

In Luxembourg, Corbicula fluminea (O.F. Müller, 1774) was first documented by Klaus Groh on 17 June 1996 in the Moselle river in the municipality of Remich (MNHNL 2000-). It was expected by 1995 that the species would soon appear in the Moselle (Dhur & Massard 1995: 150).

Currently, 16 records are accessible through the MNHNL-mdata portal (MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF 2019).

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol

A2 (3+3+3+3) = Black List (Ries et al. 2017: 68).

Harmonia+ protocol

Not assessed yet.

Worldwide distribution

Bibliography

  • CABI, 2019. Corbicula fluminea (O.F. Müller, 1774). In: Invasive Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. URL: www.cabi.org/isc [accessed 2020-04-21]
  • Dhur, G. & J.A. Massard, 1995. Étude historique et faunistique des Invertébrés immigrés ou introduits dans la Moselle luxembourgeoise et ses affluents. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 96: 127-156. [PDF 1896 KB]
  • MNHNL, 2000-. Corbicula fluminea (O.F. Müller, 1774) in Recorder-Lux, database on the natural heritage of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Musée national d’histoire naturelle, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [Accessed 2019-10-24]
  • MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2019. Corbicula fluminea (O.F. Müller, 1774) in MNHNL-mdata, online portal combining species observation from Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist and GBIF. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [Accessed 2019-10-24]
  • Ries, C., A. Arendt, C. Braunert, S. Christian, A. Dohet, A. Frantz, G. Geimer, M. Hellers, J. A. Massard, X. Mestdagh, R. Proess, N. Schneider & M. Pfeiffenschneider, 2017. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of invertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 119: 63-70. [PDF 360 KB]

 Page content last updated on 2020-04-28.

Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771)

English Zebra mussel  Status LU: established. 1st record: <1892.
Lëtzebuergesch Zebramuschel Status EU: established.
Français Moule zébrée RA: ISEIA: A2, Black List. Harmonia+: n/a.
Deutsch Zebramuschel Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - Zebra mussel Wikipedia - Français - Moule zébrée Wikipedia - Deutsch - Zebramuschel Nederlands | Wikispecies: n/a | CABI
Nederlands Driehoeksmossel Back to the list of invertebrates

Brief description

Dreissena polymorpha (I1957) 0265 (39449820624)To date, D. polymorpha has been the most aggressive freshwater invader worldwide. Dreissenids are the only freshwater bivalves that attach to hard substrates in high densities and have a planktonic larval stage. This life history facilitates their abilities as invaders, and allows them to become enormously abundant when introduced into a new water body. Once introduced their populations can grow rapidly, and the total biomass of a population can exceed 10 times that of all other native benthic invertebrates. D. polymorpha is native to the drainage basins of the Black, Caspian and Aral Seas. During the nineteenth century its range has expanded westward to most of western Europe, the UK, and North America, where it is found in the Great Lakes and all major river drainages east of the Rocky Mountains and causes multiple economic impacts on fisheries, aquaculture, water attractions and aquatic transport (CABI 2019).

Status and distribution in Luxembourg

Records of Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771) in Luxembourg. Data source: Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2020-09-19.

In Luxembourg, Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771) was first mentioned by Victor Ferrant in 1892 as occurring in the Moselle river (Ferrant 1892; Dhur & Massard 1995; MNHNL 2000-).

Currently, 18 records of the zebra mussel are accessible through the MNHNL-mdata portal (MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF 2019).

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol

A2 (3+3+3+3) = Black List (Ries et al. 2017: 68).

Harmonia+ protocol

Not assessed yet.

Worldwide distribution

Bibliography

  • CABI, 2019. Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771). In: Invasive Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. URL: www.cabi.org/isc [accessed 2020-04-21]
  • Dhur, G. & J.A. Massard, 1995. Étude historique et faunistique des Invertébrés immigrés ou introduits dans la Moselle luxembourgeoise et ses affluents. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 96: 127-156. [PDF 1896 KB]
  • Ferrant, V., 1892. Beiträge zur Molluskenfauna des Grossherzogtums Luxemburg (Schluss). Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 2: 21-26. [PDF 419 KB]
  • MNHNL, 2000-. Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771) in Recorder-Lux, database on the natural heritage of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Musée national d’histoire naturelle, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [Accessed 2019-10-24]
  • MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2019. Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771) in MNHNL-mdata, online portal combining species observation from Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist and GBIF. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [Accessed 2019-10-24]
  • Ries, C., A. Arendt, C. Braunert, S. Christian, A. Dohet, A. Frantz, G. Geimer, M. Hellers, J. A. Massard, X. Mestdagh, R. Proess, N. Schneider & M. Pfeiffenschneider, 2017. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of invertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 119: 63-70. [PDF 360 KB]

 Page content last updated on 2020-04-21.

Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne-Edwards, 1853

English Chinese mitten crab Status LU: casual. 1st record: 1978.
Lëtzebuergesch Chinesesch Wollhandkrabb Status EU: established. IAS of EU concern (2016).
Français Crabe chinois RA: ISEIA: C0. Harmonia+: n/a.
Deutsch Chinesische Wollhandkrabbe Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - Chinese mitten crab Wikipedia - Français - Crabe chinois Wikipedia - Deutsch - Chinesische Wollhandkrabbe Nederlands | Wikispecies: Wikispecies - Eriocheir sinensis | IUCNGISD | CABI
Nederlands Chinese wolhandkrab Back to the list of invertebrates

Brief description

EriocheirSinensis4

Male specimen of Eriocheir sinensis. Photo by Christian Fischer, 2007-10-06, North-western Brandenburg, Germany. commons.wikimedia.org

Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne-Edwards, 1853 is a migrating crab which has invaded Europe and North America from its native region of Asia. During its mass migrations it contributes to the temporary local extinction of native invertebrates. It modifies habitats by causing erosion due to its intensive burrowing activity and costs fisheries and aquaculture several hundreds of thousands of dollars per year by consuming bait and trapped fish, as well as by damaging gear (GISD 2019).

IAS of Union concern

In 2016, Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne-Edwards, 1853 was added to the list of invasive alien species of Union concern (Anonymous 2016) which implies that member states shall take all necessary steps to prevent it’s unintentional introduction or spread.

Status and distribution in Luxembourg

Records of Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne-Edwards, 1853 in Luxembourg. Data source: Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2020-09-19.

There is no distribution map available because no data has been entered into the Recorder-Lux database so far (MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF 2019).

Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne-Edwards, 1853 was first documented in Luxembourg in 1978 by Claude Meisch who found one individual in a pond of the Haff Réimech nature conservation reserve, municipality of Schengen (Meisch 1978): “It can be regarded as relatively common in the Moselle valley. A single specimen was found in the pond area. It must be regarded as an aberration, since the ponds do not correspond to its normal location”.

Field research by Dhur and Massard in the years 1992-1993 did not find Eriocheir sinensis in the ecosystem of the border Moselle (Dhur & Massard 1995): “It seems likely that currently the species, even if its presence seems confirmed for the period before 1960, no longer populates the waters of the Luxembourg Moselle. A call to fishermen in 1994 (Massard 1994) 1 for them to report a possible presence of Eriocheir did not produce any results. In fact, after its expansion phase, Eriocheir has become considerably scarcer over the past forty years in most of the colonised areas of northern France and the Benelux (Vigneux et al. 1993). No E. sinensis stations are indicated in Lorraine by Vigneux et al. (1993), neither for the period before 1960 nor for the one after.”

On 4 March 2020, two adult crabs of the species Eriocheir sinensis (1 male and 1 female) were found by an inhabitant of the ‘Petite rue du Moulin’ in Esch-sur-Alzette.The crabs were brought to the National Museum of Natural History.

Two adult Eriocheir sinensis (1 male and 1 female) found in Esch-sur-Alzette. Photo: 4 March 2020, Déierenasyl Gaasperech.

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol

C0 (2+1+2+2) (Ries et al. 2017: 68).

Harmonia+ protocol

Not assessed yet.

Worldwide distribution

CABI 2014: https://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/84120#toDistributionMaps

Bibliography

  • Anonymous, 2016. Commission implementing regulation (EU) 2016/1141 of 13 July 2016 adopting a list of invasive alien species of Union concern pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council. Official Journal of the European Union L 189: 4-5.
  • CABI, 2014. Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne-Edwards, 1853 [original text by Stephan Gollasch & Paul Clark]. In: Invasive Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. URL: www.cabi.org/isc [accessed 2019-11-25]
  • Dhur, G. et J. A. Massard, 1995. Étude historique et faunistique des Invertébrés immigrés ou introduits dans la Moselle luxembourgeoise et ses affluents. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 96: 127-156. [PDF]
  • GISD, 2019. Species profile: Eriocheir sinensis in the Global Invasive Species Database. URL: http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=38 [accessed 2019-11-26]
  • Massard, J. A., 1994. Gesucht: die Chinesische Wollhandkrabbe. Lëtzebuerger Journal 1994, Nr. 94 (19. Mai): 10.
  • Meisch, C., 1978. Nachweis der Wollhandkrabbe (Eriocheir sinensis). P. 40 in: Baggerweieren Remerschen/Wentreng: Erhuelung an Naturschutz oder Ausverkaf vun enger Landschaft? Jeunes et environnement, Luxembourg. [PDF]
  • Meisch, C. & J.A. Massard, 2015. Les recherches sur les crustacés (Crustacea) du Luxembourg : aperçu historique. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 116: 381-390. [PDF 1,22 MB]
  • MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2019. MNHNL-mdata, online portal combining species observation from Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist and GBIF. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [Accessed 2019-10-25]
  • Ries, C., A. Arendt, C. Braunert, S. Christian, A. Dohet, A. Frantz, G. Geimer, M. Hellers, J. A. Massard, X. Mestdagh, R. Proess, N. Schneider & M. Pfeiffenschneider, 2017. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of invertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 119: 63-70. [PDF 360 KB]
  • Vigneux, E., P. Keith & P. Noël, 1993. Atlas préliminaire des Crustacés Décapodes d’eau douce de France. Coll. Patrimoines Naturels 14, S.F.F., 8.1.M.M.-M.N.H.N., Min. Env., Paris, 55 p.

 Page content last updated on 2020-03-12. Last proofread by Caroline Grounds on 2019-12-10.

Chelicorophium curvispinum (G.O. Sars, 1895)

English Caspian mud shrimp Status LU: (?). 1st record: 1992.
Lëtzebuergesch Kaspesch Bulliscrevette Status EU: established.
Français n/a RA: ISEIA: B3, Watch List. Harmonia+: n/a.
Deutsch Süßwasser-Röhrenkrebs Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - Caspian mud shrimp Wikipedia - Français - Wikipedia - Deutsch - Süßwasser-Röhrenkrebs Nederlands | Wikispecies: n/a (2020) | CABI
Nederlands Kaspische slijkgarnaal Back to the list of invertebrates

Brief description

Chelicorophium curvispinum (G.O. Sars, 1895) (Syn.: Corophium curvispinum) These small crustaceans construct mud tubes on hard materials and are nocturnal filterers. Densities can be extremely high (over 200,000 individuals per m²). They are often associated with seaweeds. With their lifestyle, the crustaceans can provoke important ecological changes in occupied areas.

See the copyrighted pictures at cabi.org

Status and distribution in Luxembourg

Chelicorophium curvispinum (G.O. Sars, 1895) was first documented by Guy Duhr in August 1992 in the Moselle near Stadtbredimus, municipality of Stadtbredimus (Dhur 1993 cited in Dhur & Massard 1995: 138).

Currently, there are no records of the species in the mdata.mnhn.lu portal (MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF 2020).

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol

B3 (3+1+3+2) = Watch List (Ries et al. 2017: 68).

Harmonia+ protocol

Not assessed yet.

Worldwide distribution

Bibliography

  • CABI, 2019. Chelicorophium curvispinum. In: Invasive Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. URL: www.cabi.org/isc [accessed 2020-03-13]
  • Duhr, G., 1993. Étude des espèces d’invertébrés immigrés ou introduites dans la Moselle luxembourgeoise et dans les écosystèmes aquatiques qui en dépendent. Historique et répartition actuelle. Centre univ. Luxemb., Dép. Form. pédag., mém. sci. 213 p.
  • Dhur, G. & J. A. Massard, 1995. Étude historique et faunistique des Invertébrés immigrés ou introduits dans la Moselle luxembourgeoise et ses affluents. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 96 : 127-156. [PDF 1896 KB]
  • Meisch, C. & J.A. Massard, 2015. Les recherches sur les crustacés (Crustacea) du Luxembourg : aperçu historique. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 116: 381-390. [PDF 1,22 MB]
  • MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2020. Chelicorophium curvispinum in MNHNL-mdata, online portal combining species observation from Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist and GBIF. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [accessed 2020-03-13]
  • Ries, C., A. Arendt, C. Braunert, S. Christian, A. Dohet, A. Frantz, G. Geimer, M. Hellers, J. A. Massard, X. Mestdagh, R. Proess, N. Schneider & M. Pfeiffenschneider, 2017. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of invertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 119: 63-70. [PDF 360 KB]

 Page content last updated on 2020-04-28. Last proofread by Caroline Grounds on 2019-12-05.

Cercopagis pengoi (Ostroumov, 1891)

English Fishhook waterflea Status LU: absent.
Lëtzebuergesch Kaspesche Waasserflou Status EU: established.
Français n/a RA: ISEIA: B0, Alert List. Harmonia+: n/a.
Deutsch Kaspischer Wasserfloh Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - Fishhook waterflea Wikipedia - Français - Nederlands | Wikispecies: Wikispecies - Cercopagis pengoi
Nederlands n/a Back to the list of invertebrates

Brief description

Cercopagis pengoi is a voracious predator which feeds on zooplankton and competes with native species. The species appears on the list of “One Hundred of the World’s Worst Invasive Alien Species” as defined by the Global Invasive Species Database (Lowe 2004, Luque et al. 2014).

Source: Wikimedia Commons (original file was cropped to show only this species). Arrow points to the thoracopods (feeding appendages).

See also the copyrighted picture at cabi.org

Status and distribution in Luxembourg

The species has not yet been documented for Luxembourg (MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF 2020).

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol

B0 (2+2+3+3) = Alert List (Ries et al. 2017: 68).

Harmonia+ protocol

Not assessed yet.

Worldwide distribution

Bibliography

  • CABI, 2019. Cercopagis pengoi. In: Invasive Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. URL: www.cabi.org/isc [accessed 2020-03-13]
  • Lowe S., M. Browne, S. Boudjelas, M. De Poorter, 2004. 100 of the World’s worst invasive alien species. A selection from the Global Invasive Species Database. The Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) a specialist group of the Species Survival Commission (SSC) of the World Conservation Union (IUCN).
  • Luque, G.M., C. Bellard, C. Bertelsmeier, E. Bonnaud, P. Genovesi, D. Simberloff, F. Courchamp, 2014. The 100th of the world’s worst invasive alien species. Biol Invasions 16: 981-985. doi:10.1007/s10530-013-0561-5
  • MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2020. Cercopagis pengoi in MNHNL-mdata, online portal combining species observation from Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist and GBIF. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [accessed 2020-03-13]
  • Ries, C., A. Arendt, C. Braunert, S. Christian, A. Dohet, A. Frantz, G. Geimer, M. Hellers, J. A. Massard, X. Mestdagh, R. Proess, N. Schneider & M. Pfeiffenschneider, 2017. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of invertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 119: 63-70. [PDF 360 KB]

 Page content last updated on 2020-04-28. Last proofread by Caroline Grounds on 2019-12-05.

Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, 1823

English Danube crayfish Status LU: casual (?). 1st record: 1999.
Lëtzebuergesch Europäesche Suppekriibs Status EU: established.
Français Ecrevisse turque RA: ISEIA: C1. Harmonia+: n/a.
Deutsch Galizischer Sumpfkrebs Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - Danube crayfish Wikipedia - Français - Ecrevisse turque Wikipedia - Deutsch - Galizischer Sumpfkrebs | Wikispecies: n/a (2020) | CABI
Nederlands n/a Back to the list of invertebrates

Brief description

Blue crayfish boiledAstacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, 1823 is a large Eastern European river crayfish. The Galician crayfish grows to a size of 16 to 18 cm, in extreme cases up to 25 cm. The basic colouration is usually light sand-coloured to light brown. It is slimmer than the Noble crayfish and its most conspicuous distinguishing features are the two extremely long, scissor-like claws (Wikipedia contributors 2019).

The crayfish prefers warm, nutrient-rich waters of the lowland or running waters with a slow current. It also lives in very muddy waters (swamp crayfish). If suitable embankments are available, it digs residential caves itself. It has a higher resistance against pollution than the Noble crayfish (Wikipedia contributors 2019).

Originally, the crayfish was resident in the catchment area of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. After the crab plague occurred, it was used in some waters of Central Europe, as it was thought that this species was resistant to the crab plague. All current occurrences in Central Europe are based on these stocking measures (Wikipedia contributors 2019).

Status and distribution in Luxembourg

Records of Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, 1823 in Luxembourg. Data source: Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2020-09-19.

Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, 1823 was first documented by Yoichi Machino in 1999 in ponds in the valley of the Rouderbaach creek (Grevenmacher) (MNHNL 2000-).

Currently, 2 records of the Danube crayfish are accessible through the MNHNL-mdata portal (MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF 2019).

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol

C1 (1+1+1+1) (Ries et al. 2017: 68).

Harmonia+ protocol

Not assessed yet.

Worldwide distribution

Bibliography

  • CABI, 2019. Astacus leptodactylus. In: Invasive Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. URL: www.cabi.org/isc [accessed 2020-03-04]
  • MNHNL, 2000-. Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, 1823 in Recorder-Lux, database on the natural heritage of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Musée national d’histoire naturelle, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [Accessed 2019-10-24]
  • MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2019. Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, 1823 in MNHNL-mdata, online portal combining species observation from Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist and GBIF. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [Accessed 2019-10-24]
  • Ries, C., A. Arendt, C. Braunert, S. Christian, A. Dohet, A. Frantz, G. Geimer, M. Hellers, J. A. Massard, X. Mestdagh, R. Proess, N. Schneider & M. Pfeiffenschneider, 2017. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of invertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 119: 63-70. [PDF 360 KB]
  • Wikipedia contributors, 2019. Astacus leptodactylus Eschscholtz, 1823 in Wikipedia, Die freie Enzyklopädie. URL: https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Galizischer_Sumpfkrebs&oldid=181993475 [accessed 24. October 2019]

 Page content last updated on 2020-04-28. Last proofread by Caroline Grounds on 2019-12-05.

Vespa velutina nigrithorax de Buysson, 1905

English Yellow-legged Asian hornet Status LU: casual. 1st record: 2020.
Lëtzebuergesch Asiatesch Gielfouss-Runn Status EU: established. IAS of EU concern (2016).
Français Frelon à pattes jaunes RA: ISEIA: C1. Harmonia+: n/a.
Deutsch Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - Asian hornet Wikipedia - Français - Frelon à pattes jaunes Wikipedia - Deutsch - Nederlands | Wikispecies:  Wikispecies - Vespa velutina | CABI
Nederlands Aziatische hoornaar Back to the list of invertebrates

Brief description

Asian hornet (Vespa velutina)Vespa velutina nigrithorax de Buysson, 1905 (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) is a hornet of Asian origin which is a generalist predator of medium- to large-sized insects, and scavenger of vertebrate carrion. It has large impacts on Diptera and social hymenopterans, and in particular on honey bees (Apis spp.). It has recently been spreading in Asia (it is an invasive species in South Korea and Japan), and the subspecies V. v. nigrithorax has been accidentally introduced to Europe where it was first recorded from southern France in 2004 (Villemant et al. 2006a: 536, 2006b). Since then it has been found in Spain (2010; López et al. 2011), Portugal (2011; Grosso-Silva & Maia 2012), Belgium (2011, 2016; Barbier & Renneson 2018), Italy (2012; Federazione Apicoltori Italiani 2013), Germany (2014; von Orlow 2014), the Balearic Islands (2015; Leza et al. 2018), the Channel Islands (2016; States of Guernsey Government 2016), the UK (2016; Budge et al. 2017), the Netherlands (2017; Smit et al. 2017), Switzerland (2017; Ebener 2017), Luxembourg (2020; MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2020). This invasive species can threaten honey production and native pollinating insects. It may be introduced and transported accidentally with soil associated with plants, garden furniture and pots, timber, vegetables, camping equipment, etc. (CABI 2019).

Further invasions are expected in various countries covering much of Europe.

IAS of Union concern

In 2016, Vespa velutina nigrithorax de Buysson, 1905 was added to the list of invasive alien species of Union concern (Anonymous 2016) which implies that member states shall take all necessary steps to prevent it’s unintentional introduction or spread.

Status and distribution in Luxembourg

Records of Vespa velutina nigrithorax de Buysson, 1905 in Luxembourg. Data source: Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2020-09-19.

Vespa velutina nigrithorax de Buysson, 1905 was first recorded in the wild in Luxembourg by Thierry Helminger on 2nd September 2020: a few individuals on grapes from a vine in a garden (Helminger 2020). On 4th September 2020, a team of experts tried to locate the nest. The search was unsuccessful because the crowns of the trees in question could not be well inspected due to the dense foliage. The search will only be successful in autumn. However, the young queens will have already left their nest at that time to look for a wintering place. We must then probably expect an expansion of the population in 2021.

On 9th September 2020, the yellow-legged Asian hornet was recorded near Ingeldorf by the beekeeper Nicolas Josselin.

Further observations of the yellow-legged Asian hornet have been since reported from Junglinster (2020-09-09 Cité Kremerich; 2020-09-16 CIPA).

Currently, 5 records of in Luxembourg are accessible through the MNHNL-mdata portal (MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF 2020).

The European hornet (Vespa crabro) and several social wasps (Vespula spp.) are well established in Luxembourg and they occupy potential niches suitable for the yellow-legged Asian hornet. Nico Schneider (2018) wonders if this might be part of the explanation why the yellow-legged Asian hornet hadn’t established itself in Luxembourg in the last years.

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol

Following its discovery in Luxembourg on 2nd September 2020, the species has been reassessed on 3rd September to C1 (3+1+1+1) by Christian Ries. Assessment before the appearance of the species in Luxembourg: C0 (3+1+1+1) (Ries et al. 2017: 69).

Harmonia+ protocol

Not assessed yet.

Worldwide distribution

Fact sheet and leaflet

PDF fact sheet of the Nature and Forestry Administration: FR

Vespa-velutina-flyer-1st-pageIn spring 2016 the Department for the Environment of the Luxembourg Ministry of sustainable development and infrastructures published a leaflet in German about Vespa velutina, in co-operation with the Nature and Forestry Administration, the National Museum of Natural History, natur&ëmwelt and the National Bee-keeping Association.

Download the leaflet in PDF format (3.2 MB)

Since the publication of the leaflet, the yellow-legged Asian hornet has been reported several times to the authorities. Until September 2020, all these reports were mistaken for the native European hornet.

In the press

Lëtzebuerger Beienzeitung 2016/12: 394.

Links

References

  • Anonymous, 2016. Commission implementing regulation (EU) 2016/1141 of 13 July 2016 adopting a list of invasive alien species of Union concern pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council. Official Journal of the European Union L 189: 4-5.
  • Barbier Y. & J.-L. Renneson (2018) Vespa velutina Lepeletier, 1836. Atlas Hymenoptera. URL: http://www.atlashymenoptera.net/pagetaxon.asp?tx_id=3877 [2018.01.03]
  • Budge G.E., J. Hodgetts, E.P. Jones, J.C. Ostojá-Starzewski, J. Hall, V. Tomkies, et al., 2017. The invasion, provenance and diversity of Vespa velutina Lepeletier (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in Great Britain. PLoS ONE 12(9): e0185172. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185172
  • CABI, 2019. Vespa velutina [text by Sarah Bunker, UK; CRCNPB Australia]. In: Invasive Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. URL: www.cabi.org/isc [accessed 2020-01-31]
  • Ebener, A., 2017. Arrivée du frelon asiatique en Suisse. Communiqué d’apiservice. URL: https://ffa-vfb.ch/2017/04/26/apiservice-arrivee-du-frelon-asiatique-en-suisse/
  • Federazione Apicoltori Italiani, 2013. Vespa velutina: prima segnalazione in Italia. E’ allarme!. Rome, Italy: Federazione Apicoltori Italiani.
  • Grosso-Silva J.M. & M. Maia, 2012. Vespa velutina Lepeletier, 1836 (Hymenoptera, Vespidae), new species for Portugal. In: Arquivos Entomolóxicos, 6 53-54.
  • Helminger, T., 2020. Personal communication by e-mail to C. Ries on 3rd September 2020.
  • Leza M., M. Á. Miranda & V. Colomar, 2018. First detection of Vespa velutina nigrithorax (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in the Balearic Islands (Western Mediterranean): a challenging study case. Biological Invasions. 20 (7), 1643-1649. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-017-1658-z DOI:10.1007/s10530-017-1658-z
  • López, S., M. González & A. Goldarazena, 2011. Vespa velutina Lepeletier, 1836 (Hymenoptera: Vespidae): first records in Iberian Peninsula. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin. 41 (3), 439-441.
  • MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2020. Vespa velutina nigrithorax de Buysson, 1905 in MNHNL-mdata, online portal combining species observation from Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist and GBIF. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [Accessed 2020-09-18]
  • Ries, C., A. Arendt, C. Braunert, S. Christian, A. Dohet, A. Frantz, G. Geimer, M. Hellers, J. A. Massard, X. Mestdagh, R. Proess, N. Schneider & M. Pfeiffenschneider, 2017. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of invertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 119: 63-70. [PDF 360 KB]
  • Schneider, N., 2018. Personal communication by e-mail to C. Ries on 3rd January 2018.
  • Smit J, R van de Roer, R Fontein & A de Wilde (2017) Eerste vondst van de aziatische hoornaar Vespa velutina nigrithorax in Nederland (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Nederlandse Faunistische Mededelingen 49: 1-10.
  • States of Guernsey Government, 2016. Asian hornet identified in Alderney., https://www.gov.gg/article/155332/Asian-Hornet-identified-in-Alderney
  • Villemant, C., J. Haxaire & J.-C. Streito, 2006a. Premier bilan de l’invasion de Vespa velutina Lepeletier en France (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 111 (4): 535-538. [PDF]
  • Villemant, C., J. Haxaire & J.-C. Streito, 2006b. La découverte du frelon asiatique Vespa velutina, en France. In: Insectes, 143 (4) 3-7. [PDF]
  • von Orlow, M., 2014. Asiatische Hornisse hat Deutschland erreicht. Nachweis bei Karlsruhe / Imker befürchten Schäden an Bienenvölkern. URL: https://www.nabu.de/news/2014/09/17045.html

 Page content last updated on 2020-09-18. Last proofread by Caroline Grounds on 2019-12-12.