Cydalima perspectalis (Walker, 1859)

English Box tree moth ISEIA: A1 – Black List
Lëtzebuergesch Pällemmatt EASIN
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Nederlands Buxusmot Back to the list of invertebrates

Importance and distribution in Luxembourg

Distribution map of Cydalima perspectalis (Walker, 1859) in Luxembourg. Recorder-LUX & iNaturalist, 2019.08.21.

In 2007 the first specimen of the box tree moth was discovered in Germany. Due to transport of contaminated young box plants the species has spread across Europe in just nine years. 1

The first time the species occurred in Luxembourg was in 2015. On 11th September the first specimen of the box tree moth was found by Svenja Christian in Wasserbillig, municipality of Mertert (Hellers & Christian 2016). In 2016, the moth was observed in Dudelange by Georges Bechet.

The box tree moth is native to East Asia, where the caterpillars feed on Buxus microphylla without causing any damage. In Europe however,  the larvae of Cydalima perspectalis feed on the leaves of box trees (Buxus sempervirens). In addition, the species can attack the bark of the trees, causing them to dry out and die.

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol: A1 (3+3+3+3) = Black List (Ries et al. 2017: 68).

Bibliography concerning Luxembourg

  • Hellers, M. & S. Christian, 2016. Eine neue invasive Art in Luxemburg: der Buchsbaumzünsler Cydalima perspectalis (Walker, 1859). Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 118 : 131-134. [PDF 350 KB]
  • Ries, C., A. Arendt, C. Braunert, S. Christian, A. Dohet, A. Frantz, G. Geimer, M. Hellers, J. A. Massard, X. Mestdagh, R. Proess, N. Schneider & M. Pfeiffenschneider, 2017. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of invertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 119: 63-70. [PDF 360 KB]

Suggested citation of this webpage

Ries, C. & M. Pfeiffenschneider (Eds.), 2019. Cydalima perspectalis (Walker, 1859). In: - Invasive Alien Species in Luxembourg. URL: [21.08.2019].

 Last updated on Friday, May 18, 2018.


  1. 2007: Germany. 2009: Switzerland, the Netherlands, France, Great Britain, Austria, Lichtenstein. 2011: Belgium, Italy, Hungary, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Romania, Turkey. 2012: Croatia, Russia (Black Sea coast). 2013: Slovakia, Spain, Denmark, Greece. 2014: Bulgaria. Source: cited in Hellers & Christian 2016.