Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758)

English Raccoon ISEIA: C3. IAS of Union concern.
Lëtzebuergesch Wäschbier EASIN
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Report the species

Report Procyon lotor to the National Museum of Natural History.

Importance and distribution in Luxembourg

Distribution map of Procyon lotor Linnaeus, 1758 in Luxembourg. Recorder database, MNHNL, 23.01.2019.

The species probably occurs in Luxembourg since the 1970s, mainly in the Oesling area (Becker-Krüll & Schaefer 2013). The first observation documented in the Recorder database dates from 1989. It was found in Munshausen (Municipality of Clervaux). The raccoon is considered a game animal in Luxembourg since 2011. Between 600 et 700 animals have been shot per year between 2011 and 2013 (Schley et al. 2014: 25).

In the last few years, different cases of people keeping raccoons as illegal pets became public in Luxembourg.

Raccoons show a preference for wetlands and old deciduous forests with hollow trees, often adjacent to water. The species is however able to adapt to a high diversity of environmental conditions, including urbanized areas. There is little evidence (but strong suspicion) of species displacement/extinction through predation or interspecific competition by raccoons in Western Europe. Food is often gathered on rubbish dumps or from bins, where the animal can be a nuisance to people. Raccoons are vectors for several diseases, including rabies. The raccoon is included in the appendix to the recommendation no 77 of the Council of Europe as a species which has proved to be a threat to biological diversity and for which eradication is strongly recommended (Source:

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol: C3 (3+2+2+1) (Ries et al. 2014: 199).

Bibliography concerning Luxembourg

  • Becker-Krüll, L. & P. Schaefer, 2013. Jagdbare Wildtierarten Luxemburgs. 96 pp. 1. Aufl. Hrsg. Naturverwaltung Luxemburg. (Order or download PDF)
  • Pir, J.B. & L. Schley, 2015. Développement des connaissances sur la répartition et l’écologie des mammifères au Luxembourg entre 1990 et 2015. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 116: 437-455. [PDF 2,04 MB]
  • Ries, C., M. Pfeiffenschneider, Engel, E., J.-C. Heidt & M. Lauff, 2014. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of vertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 115: 195-201. [PDF 247 KB]
  • Schley, L., R. Reding & S. Cellina, 2014. Bulletin technique de l’Administration de la nature et des forêts en matière de gestion de la faune sauvage et de chasse, n° 3, 72 pp. (Order or download PDF)

Suggested citation of this webpage

Ries, C. & M. Pfeiffenschneider (Eds.), 2019. Procyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758). In: - Invasive Alien Species in Luxembourg. URL: [23.01.2019].

 Last updated on Fri, Apr 13, 2018.