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Importance and distribution in Luxembourg
Impatiens balfourii Hook. f. (Kashmir balsam) has his origins in the West-Himalayan region (Grey-Wilson 1983).
This species of the Balsaminaceae family was simultaneously introduced in 1901 at the Jardin des plantes de Montpellier and the Botanical Garden of Edinburgh (Adamowski 2009). It is cultivated in Europe as an ornamental plant since the beginning of the 20th century; in Luxembourg it is grown for example in the Jardin méditerranéen in Schwebsange. Nowadays the species is naturalised in major parts of South and Central-Europe (Adamowski 2009, Schmitz & Dericks 2010).
Impatiens balfourii was first observed in Luxembourg, in the wild, on 5th August 2016, on the edge of the Kirchberg plateau by Roland Proess. It is at present just considered to be subspontaneous, it may however have the potential of getting naturalized in Luxembourg due to climate change (Krippel & Proess 2017).
Two other invasive alien balsam species occur in Luxembourg: the Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera Royle), one of the most common and widespread invasive neophytes in Luxembourg, and the small balsam (Impatiens parviflora DC.), which is widespread in forest ecosystems across Luxembourg.
ISEIA Protocol: B2 (3+3+3+1), watch list. First assessed 16 February 2017 by Yves Krippel and Christian Ries.
Bibliography concerning Luxembourg
- Adamowski, W., 2009. Impatiens balfourii as an emerging invader in Europe. Neobiota 8: 183-194.
- Grey-Wilson, C., 1983. A survey of the genus Impatiens in cultivation. The Plantsman 5(2): 86-102.
- Krippel, Y. & R. Proess, 2017. Impatiens balfourii Hook. f. (Balsaminaceae), nouvelle espèce subspontanée au Luxembourg ?! Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 119: 55-61 [PDF].
- Schmitz, U. & G. Dericks, 2010. Spread of alien invasive Impatiens balfourii in Europe and its temperature, light and soil moisture demands. Flora 205: 772-776.
Suggested citation of this webpage
Ries, C. & M. Pfeiffenschneider (Eds.) 2018. Impatiens balfourii Hook.f. In: neobiota.lu - Invasive Alien Species in Luxembourg. URL: https://neobiota.lu/impatiens-balfourii/ [20.03.2018].