Dama dama (Linnaeus, 1758)

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English Fallow deer ISEIA: B2 – Watch List
Lëtzebuergesch Damhirsch EASIN
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Report the species

Report Dama dama to the National Museum of Natural History.

Status and distribution in Luxembourg

Distribution map of Dama dama Linnaeus, 1758 in Luxembourg. Data source: Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2020-01-27.

Fallow deer prefer open, deciduous woodlands and conifer plantations with open areas. They are very adaptable to almost all ecological conditions. The species can cause considerable damage to woodlands when populations are not managed. At high densities, they can alter the structure of vegetation communities and cause biodiversity loss, although moderate deer densities tend to promote higher biodiversity. Above some density threshold, fallow deer can also cause the decline of roe deer populations (Source: http://ias.biodiversity.be/species/show/25).

In Luxembourg, this ungulate species is thought to have been introduced accidentally into the wild when some individuals escaped from the animal park in Hosingen in 1977. The first fallow deer were shot in 1979 and numbers shot reached 54 in 1995 (Schley et al. 1998). In the 1990s, the number of shot deer per year amounted to over 50 and increased to approximately 125-150 animals since 2007. Hunting statistics show that the population of fallow deer is concentrated in the Upper Sauer and the Our region (Naturverwaltung 2012, Naturverwaltung 2014). This is confirmed by the occurrences documented in the Recorder database, which also show that the species appears in the Mullerthal region.

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol: B2 (3+3+2+1) = Watch List (Ries et al. 2014: 199).


  • Klees, H., 1981. Luxemburger Tiernamen. Beiträge zur luxemburgischen Sprach- und Volkskunde XIV. Institut grand-ducal, Section de linguistique, de folklore et de toponymie. 2. Aufl. 131 S. Imprimerie Pierre Linden, Luxembourg.
  • Naturverwaltung (ed.), 2012. Technischer Bericht der Naturverwaltung betreffend Wildtiermanagement und Jagd, Nummer 2 (2012), 68 pp.
  • Naturverwaltung (ed.), 2013. Jagbare Wildtierarten Luxemburgs. 96 pp.
  • Naturverwaltung, 2014. Bulletin technique de l’Administration de la nature et des forêts en matière de gestion de la faune sauvage et de chasse, numéro 3 (2014), 72 pp.
  • Pir, J.B. & L. Schley, 2015. Développement des connaissances sur la répartition et l’écologie des mammifères au Luxembourg entre 1990 et 2015. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 116: 437-455.
  • Ries, C., M. Pfeiffenschneider, Engel, E., J.-C. Heidt & M. Lauff, 2014. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of vertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 115: 195-201. [PDF 247 KB]
  • Schley, L., A. Krier, A. Baghli & T.J. Roper, 1998. Hunting records of game species in Luxembourg during the period 1946 to 1995. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 99: 69-75. [PDF 47KB]

 Page content last updated on 2019-11-27. Last proofread by Caroline Grounds on 2019-11-27.