Cervus nippon Temminck, 1838

English Sika deer ISEIA: B1 – Watch List
Lëtzebuergesch Sikahirsch EASIN
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Report the species

Report Cervus nippon to the National Museum of Natural History.

Importance and distribution in Luxembourg

At present there is no occurrence of Sika deer in the Recorder Database of the Museum.

The presence of Sika deer in Luxembourg was first documented in December 2012 in Ourdall near Stolzembourg, municipality of Putscheid (Cellina & Schley 2014). Supposedly the species migrated to north-eastern parts of the country after escaping from a deer park in Gemünd (Germany). In order to avoid hybridization with red deer (Cervus elaphus), an eradication of the individuals found in Luxembourg is recommended. In 2013, three Sika deer were sighted near Bivels (Naturverwaltung 2014).

Sika deer is found in dense woodland and scrub, including the thicket stages of coniferous forests and adjacent open ground. The population of the species is increasing and expanding in several European countries. Sika can build up higher densities than red dear and can cause great environmental and economic damages to forests and wetlands. Hybrids with the native congeneric red deer are fertile, and further hybridization or back-crossing to either parental type is rapidly threatening the genetic integrity of the native species. Sika are often reported to be better competitors than native deer species (e.g. roe deer) (Source: http://ias.biodiversity.be/species/show/124).

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol: B1 (3+2+3+1) = Watch List (Ries et al. 2014: 199).

Bibliography concerning Luxembourg

  • Cellina, S. & L. Schley, 2014. Premières observations du cerf sika (Cervus nippon) au Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 115: 193-194. [PDF 100 KB]
  • Naturverwaltung , 2014. Bulletin technique de l’Administration de la nature et des forêts en matière de gestion de la faune sauvage et de chasse, numéro 3 (2014), 72 pp [http://www.environnement.public.lu/chasse/publications/bulletintechnique3/index.html].
  • Pir, J.B. & L. Schley, 2015. Développement des connaissances sur la répartition et l’écologie des mammifères au Luxembourg entre 1990 et 2015. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 116: 437-455.
  • Ries, C., M. Pfeiffenschneider, Engel, E., J.-C. Heidt & M. Lauff, 2014. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of vertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 115: 195-201. [PDF 247 KB]

Suggested citation of this webpage

Ries, C. & M. Pfeiffenschneider (Eds.), 2019. Cervus nippon Temminck, 1838. In: neobiota.lu - Invasive Alien Species in Luxembourg. URL: https://neobiota.lu/cervus-nippon/ [19.05.2019].

 Last updated on Friday, April 13, 2018.