Rhus typhina L.

English Stag’s-horn sumach ISEIA: B1 – Watch List
Lëtzebuergesch Essegbam EASIN
Français Sumac vinaigrier Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - Stag's-horn sumach Wikipedia - Français - Sumac vinaigrier Wikipedia - Deutsch - Essigbaum Wikipedia - Nederlands - Fluweelboom
Deutsch Essigbaum Wikispecies: Wikispecies - Rhus typhina
Nederlands Fluweelboom Back to the list of neophytes

Report the species

Report Rhus typhina to the National Museum of Natural History.

Importance and distribution in Luxembourg

Distribution map of Rhus typhina L. in Luxembourg. Recorder database, MNHNL, 25.03.2019.

R. typhina is a tree species generally preferring fertile, upland sites, but tolerating a wide range of conditions. Typical habitats of this pioneer plant include ruderal areas, open fields and roadsides, fence rows, railroad rights-of-way and burned areas, but also forest edges, clearings, and shrublands. It is resistant to abiotic stresses, can thrive in polluted city air and grow in such inhospitable sites as pavement cracks. However, R. typhina is not very shade-tolerant and is considered to be an early successional species. The plant has the potential to inhibit vegetation succession and tree regeneration. Contact with its sap causes dermatitis in humans (Source: http://ias.biodiversity.be/species/show/113).

The first indication of the species in the Luxembourg Recorder database dates from 1981. It was found by Léopold Reichling on 9th September 1981 in Avenue Guillaume in Belair (Municipality of Luxembourg). Until 2012 only four occurrences were documented in the Recorder database. In 2013, systematic inventories of invasive species along Luxembourg’s main watercourses and along the railway lines showed that the species is more common in Luxembourg than earlier data suggested. Beginning of 2018, 58 occurrences have been documented in Recorder.

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol: B1 (2+2+3+3) = Watch List (Ries et al. 2013: 18).

Bibliography concerning Luxembourg

  • Pfeiffenschneider, M., P. Gräser & C. Ries, 2014. Distribution of selected neophytes along the national railway network of Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 115: 95-100. [PDF 1457 KB]
  • Pfeiffenschneider, M., P. Gräser & C. Ries, 2014. Distribution of selected neophytes along the main rivers of Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 115: 101-108. [PDF 3668 KB]
  • Ries, C., Y. Krippel, M. Pfeiffenschneider & S. Schneider, 2013. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of non-native vascular plant species in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 114: 15-21. [PDF 652 KB]

Suggested citation of this webpage

Ries, C. & M. Pfeiffenschneider (Eds.), 2019. Rhus typhina L. In: neobiota.lu - Invasive Alien Species in Luxembourg. URL: https://neobiota.lu/rhus-typhina/ [25.03.2019].

 Last updated on Wednesday, May 9, 2018.