Pimephales promelas (Rafinesque, 1820)

Print Friendly, PDF & Email
English Fathead minnow ISEIA: C0
Lëtzebuergesch Amerikaneschen Déckkapp-Dreckseller 1 EASIN
Français Tête de boule Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - Fathead_minnow Wikipedia - Français - Tête de boule  Wikipedia - Nederlands - Amerikaanse dikkop-elrits
Deutsch Amerikanische Dickkopfelritze Wikispecies: Wikispecies - Pimephales promelas
Nederlands Amerikaanse dikkop-elrits Back to the list of vertebrates

Report the species

Report Pimephales promelas to the National Museum of Natural History.

Brief description

Pimephales promelas is a freshwater fish that lives in sluggish and still waters with abundant floating and submerged vegetation. It tolerates high temperatures and oxygen deficits and shows a preference for small water courses. As a predator of eggs and larvae of other fish species, fathead minnows are considered a potential pest. The fathead minnow is native to North America and has been introduced to some European countries as live bait-fish.

Status and distribution in Luxembourg

In Luxembourg the fathead minnow was first documented during a species inventory in 1996/1997 (Administration des eaux et forêts 1998). Five individuals were caught in three different spots (Lower Sauer, Alzette and Diddelengerbaach). These occurrences are probably due to the animals’ use as live bait or the release of aquarium fish.

During an identical inventory in 2005, the species was not found in Luxembourgian watercourses anymore (Administration de la gestion de l’eau 2010).

There is no distribution map available because no data has been entered into the Recorder-Lux database so far (MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF 2019).

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol: C01 (1+1+1+1) (Ries et al. 2014: 199).


  • Administration des eaux et forêts, Service de la Chasse et de la Pêche (1998): Fische in Luxemburg, Kartierung der Fische, Neunaugen und Flußkrebse des Großherzogtums Luxemburg, ISBN: 2-495-28004-8, 153 pp.
  • Administration de la gestion de l’eau (2010): Les poissons au Luxembourg, Cartographie des poissons, lamproies et écrevisses du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, 2ième édition, ISBN: 978-2-91989-713-1, 213 pp.
  • Klees, H., 1981. Luxemburger Tiernamen. Beiträge zur luxemburgischen Sprach- und Volkskunde XIV. Institut grand-ducal, Section de linguistique, de folklore et de toponymie. 2. Aufl. 131 S. Imprimerie Pierre Linden, Luxembourg.
  • MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2019. MNHNL-mdata, online portal combining species observation from Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist and GBIF. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [Accessed 2019-10-24]
  • Ries, C., M. Pfeiffenschneider, Engel, E., J.-C. Heidt & M. Lauff, 2014. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of vertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 115: 195-201. [PDF 247 KB]

 Page content last updated on 2019-11-28. Last proofread by Caroline Grounds on 2019-11-28.