Ovis ammon (Linnaeus, 1758)

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English Mouflon ISEIA: C2
Lëtzebuergesch Mouflon, Muffelschof EASIN
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Report the species

Report Ovis ammon to the National Museum of Natural History.

Status and distribution in Luxembourg

Distribution map of Ovis ammon Linnaeus, 1758 in Luxembourg. Data source: Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2020-01-27.

Since 1905 mouflons were kept in the Grand-Ducal compound in Grünewald near Imbringen, municipality of Junglinster (Massard & Kintziger 1994). The mouflon population of Luxembourg originates essentially from the release of 14 sheep in the vicinity of Kaundorf in 1970. In 1992, the population was estimated at 100-120 animals living in the area around the barrier lake of the Upper Sauer. According to Massard & Kintziger (1994), other areas occupied by the species include the regions around Hosingen and Heffingen/Echternach. This is confirmed through hunting statistics, which also show that the number of hunted mouflons has been increasing from around 20 in the late 1980s to over 150 since 2000, with a peak of 250 during the hunting season 2009/2010 (Naturverwaltung 2012). Since then, the number of shot animals decreased to about 75 in 2013/2014 (Naturverwaltung 2014).

In February 2020, the Ministry of the Environment organizes an administrative hunt for mouflons in the Echternach region. There would be about 100 in the region and they would cause damage estimated at 31,814.77 euros and prevent the regeneration of the forests (Anonyme 2020).

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol: C2 (3+2+1+1) (Ries et al. 2014: 199).


  • Anonyme, 2020. Le Luxembourg veut chasser les mouflons. L’Essentiel, 17 décembre 2019. http://www.lessentiel.lu/fr/luxembourg/story/le-luxembourg-veut-chasser-les-mouflons-18262683
  • Bingenheimer V., 2018. Eine unangenehme Wahrheit – Trotz massiver Abschüsse vermehren sich die Mufflons im Wald bei Echternach ungebremst. Luxemburger Wort 3. April 2018: 18-19. [PDF 4.3 MB]
  • Massard, J.A. & P. Kintziger, 1994. Le Mouflon (Ovis ammon musimon) au Luxembourg: notes historiques sur son introduction et analyse de la population des mouflons de la région de la Haute-Sûre. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 95: 187-208. [PDF 1058 KB]
  • Naturverwaltung (ed.), 2012. Technischer Bericht der Naturverwaltung betreffend Wildtiermanagement und Jagd, Nummer 2 (2012), 68 pp.
  • Naturverwaltung (ed.), 2013. Jagbare Wildtierarten Luxemburgs. 96 pp.
  • Naturverwaltung, 2014. Bulletin technique de l’Administration de la nature et des forêts en matière de gestion de la faune sauvage et de chasse, numéro 3 (2014), 72 pp.
  • Pir, J.B. & L. Schley, 2015. Développement des connaissances sur la répartition et l’écologie des mammifères au Luxembourg entre 1990 et 2015. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 116: 437-455.
  • Ries, C., M. Pfeiffenschneider, Engel, E., J.-C. Heidt & M. Lauff, 2014. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of vertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 115: 195-201. [PDF 247 KB]

 Page content last updated on 2020-01-18. Last proofread by Caroline Grounds on 2019-11-28.