Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Th.Wolf

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English Yellow-flowered Strawberry Status LU: established. 1st record: LU <2007, ITW 2008.
Lëtzebuergesch Schäinäerdbier Status Eur.: established. 1st record: <1850.
Français Fraisier des Indes RA: ISEIA: C1. Harmonia+: 0,05
Deutsch Scheinerdbeere Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - Yellow-flowered Strawberry Wikipedia - Français - Fraisier des Indes Wikipedia - Deutsch - Scheinerdbeere Wikipedia - Nederlands - Schijnaardbei | Wikispecies: Wikispecies - Duchesnea indica
Nederlands Schijnaardbei Back to the list of neophytes

Report the species

Report Duchesnea indica to the National Museum of Natural History.

Brief description

Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Th.Wolf is a plant native to SE-Asia that prefers relatively moist and shaded habitats. It grows preferentially on soils with high nitrogen supply and benefits from increasing anthropogenic nitrogen deposition. It occurs in woods, grasslands and urban parks. Seeds are known to be dispersed by birds (Branquart et al. 2012).

Status and distribution in Luxembourg

Records of Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Th.Wolf in Luxembourg. Data source: Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2021-04-21.

In Luxembourg, Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Th.Wolf was first planted in the Mediterranean Garden in Schebsange before 2007 (Moes G. in litt.). The species was first documented in the wild on 2008-10-31 by Florian Hans at Ennëschte Bësch in the municipality of Bertrange (MNHNL 2000-; Krippel et al. 2010). It occurred on about 2 m² along the roadside and a recently cleared softwood plot, together with Alliaria petiolata, Ranunculus repens, Scrophularia nodosa and Urtica dioica.

There are five records of the species in the MNHNL-mdata online portal, four from Luxembourg City and one from Schengen (MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF 2019).

The Yellow-flowered Strawberry is cultivated for ornamental purposes in parks and gardens, it is subspontaneous or naturalised in former parks, garden surroundings, forest roads and cemeteries. This rather rare to rare species is expanding, especially in the western part of the environment (Lambinon & Verloove 2012: 351).

Duchesnea indica was planted in 2002 in the Reimerwee park of the Kirchberg arboretum in Luxembourg City. This population has established itself well (Helminger 2018).

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol

C1 (2+1+2+1) (Ries et al. 2013: 18).

Harmonia+ protocol

Overall risk score 0,05 = (Overall Invasion score 0,59 x Overall Impact score 0,09) (Ries et al. 2020).


Worldwide distribution


  • Branquart, E., P. Dupriez, S. Vanderhoeven, W. Van Landuyt, F. Van Rossum, F. Verloove, 2012. Harmonia database: Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Th.Wolf. Harmonia version 1.2, Belgian Forum on Invasive Species. URL: http://ias.biodiversity.be [accessed on 2019-10-09]
  • GBIF 2020. Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke in GBIF Secretariat (2019). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-02-28.
  • Helminger, T., 2018. Personal communication to Lucie Lentz during summer 2018.
  • Krippel, Y. & G. Colling, 2010. Notes floristiques. Observations faites au Luxembourg (2008- 2009). Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 111: 11-32. [PDF 209 KB]
  • Lambinon J. & F. Verloove, 2012. Nouvelle flore de la Belgique, du grand-duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines. Sixième édition. Avec la collaboration de L. Delvosalle, B. Toussaint, D. Geerinck, I. Hoste, F. Van Rossum, B. Cornier, R. Schumacker, A. Vanderpoorten et H. Vannerom. Jardin botanique national de Belgique, Meise. CXXXIX + 1195 pp. ISBN : 9789072619884.
  • MNHNL, 2000-. Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Th.Wolf in Recorder-Lux, database on the natural heritage of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Musée national d’histoire naturelle, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [Accessed 2019-09-05]
  • MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2019. Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Th.Wolf in MNHNL-mdata, online portal combining species observation from Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist and GBIF. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg. URL: https://mdata.mnhn.lu [Accessed 2019-09-06]
  • Ries, C. & Y. Krippel, 2021 [Unpublished manuscript]. First records of 56 invasive alien vascular plants in Luxembourg. MNHNL & Naturpark Öewersauer.
  • Ries, C., Y. Krippel & M. Pfeiffenschneider, 2020. Risk assessment after the Harmonia+ protocol of invasive alien vascular plant species in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 122: 197-205. [PDF 132 KB]
  • Ries, C., Y. Krippel, M. Pfeiffenschneider & S. Schneider, 2013. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of non-native vascular plant species in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 114: 15-21. [PDF 652 KB]

 Page content last updated on 2021-03-03. Last proofread by Caroline Grounds on 2019-11-14.