Senecio inaequidens DC.

English Narrow-leaved ragwort ISEIA: B2 – Watch List
Lëtzebuergesch Schmuelt Kräizkräitchen EASIN
Français Séneçon du Cap Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - Narrow-leaved ragwort Wikipedia - Français - Séneçon du Cap Wikipedia - Deutsch - Schmalblättriges Greiskraut Wikipedia - Nederlands - Bezemkruiskruid
Deutsch Schmalblättriges Greiskraut Wikispecies: Wikispecies - Senecio inaequidens
Nederlands Bezemkruiskruid Back to the list of neophytes

Report the species

Report Senecio inaequidens to the National Museum of Natural History.

Brief description

Senecio inaequidens DC. mainly thrives in ruderal and disturbed areas. It may be also found in rock outcrops, open grasslands and sand dunes. Minute achenes (3 mm) are mainly dispersed by wind, but also by water and animals at long distances. Senecio inaequidens does not demonstrably pose a threat to indigenous species or plant communities at present in Western Europe. The plant is toxic for livestock (Branquart et al. 2010).

Importance and distribution in Luxembourg

Distribution map of Senecio inaequidens DC. in Luxembourg. Data source: Recorder-Lux & iNaturalist, 2019-10-19.

Senecio inaequidens DC. was first observed in the wild in Luxembourg by Ed. Melchior on 31st July 1988 in Differdange, municipality of Differdange (Reichling 1990: 67; MNHNL 2000-). This record was published with the following annotations by Léopold Reichling: “A South African species, new to our country. It has become naturalized in some regions of southern and western Europe, closer to home, particularly in Belgium (especially the Liège region) (e. g. Van Rompaey & Delvosalle, 1979, map 1040: Delvosalle & al. 1979 and in the NW of Germany (e. g. Kuhbier, 1977). Given the momentum with which it often invades newly conquered lands, it can be expected to spread to the slag heaps and quarry bottoms of the Mining Basin. As a plant of the Southern Hemisphere, it tends to flower mainly in the Autumn (springtime in its native land) and it is only the first serious frosts that make its beautiful light yellow flower heads disappear, carried on stems lined with linear leaves with an embracing base” (Reichling 1990: 67; see here for the cited references).

In 2008 and 2009, isolated plants have been observed in the northern part of Luxembourg (Esch/Sûre, Harlange). In 2012, all in all only 14 observations were documented in the Recorder database. In 2014 a survey of the species along highways increased the number of records (Frankenberg & Gräser 2014). Currently, 24671 records are accessible through the MNHNL-mdata portal (MNHNL & iNaturalist 2019).

But while the first populations of the plant were documented in industrial areas in the south of Luxembourg, it took the species only a few years to spread to Luxembourg City as well as to the German and Belgian borders, using the motorway network as a dispersal route. A study from 2014 showed that by then the species had populated almost the entire motorway network of Luxembourg (Frankenberg & Gräser 2014).

The species continues to expand its range and will probably have negative impacts on biodiversity as soon as it spreads from motorways and roads into grassland, pastures and rock ecosystems.

This species native to South Africa is naturalized in southern and western Europe. Common to rare, in strong expansion in the territory of Flora. Roadsides, railway ballast, wastelands, slag heaps, quarry screes, lawns. Originally, this species was mainly naturalized in the eastern Mosan area (Vesdre valley and Meuse valley around Liège) and in the surroundings of Calais. It then spread (especially from the 1980s onwards), often proving to be a very invasive weed. It is now found in a large part of the Flora region, where it is still growing (Lambinon & Verloove 2012: 739).

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol: B2 (3+2+2+3) = Watch List (Ries et al. 2013: 19).


  • Branquart, E., S. Vanderhoeven, W. Van Landuyt, F. Van Rossum & F. Verloove, 2010. Harmonia database: Senecio inaequidens DC. Harmonia version 1.2, Belgian Forum on Invasive Species. URL: [accessed on 2019-10-15]
  • Colling, G. et L. Reichling, 1996. Notes floristiques 1994-1995. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 97: 25-38. [PDF 596 KB]
  • Colling , G. & Y. Krippel, 2001. Notes floristiques. Observations faites au Luxembourg (1998-1999). Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 101: 33-48. [PDF 331 Kb]
  • Frankenberg, T. & P. Gräser, 2014. Vorkommen des Schmalblättrigen Greiskrauts (Senecio inaequidens DC.) in Luxemburg, Erfassung der aktuellen Verbreitung der Art entlang der Autobahnen und Autobahnzubringer. Unveröff. Studie des Büros EFOR-ERSA im Auftrag Nationalmuseums für Naturgeschichte, Oktober 2014. 6 S. + Anhang [PDF-Bericht, PDF-Übersichtskarte].
  • Krippel, Y. & G. Colling, 2008. Notes floristiques. Observations faites au Luxembourg (2006-2007). Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 109: 59-76. [PDF 549 KB]
  • Krippel, Y. & G. Colling, 2010. Notes floristiques. Observations faites au Luxembourg (2008- 2009). Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 111: 11-32. [PDF 209 KB]
  • Krippel, Y. & G. Colling, 2012. Notes floristiques. Observations faites au Luxembourg (2010-2011). Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 113: 67-82. [PDF 579 KB]
  • Krippel, Y. & G. Colling, 2014. Notes floristiques. Observations faites au Luxembourg (2012-2013). Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 115: 109-124. [PDF 893 KB]
  • Lambinon J. & F. Verloove, 2012. Nouvelle flore de la Belgique, du grand-duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines. Sixième édition. Avec la collaboration de L. Delvosalle, B. Toussaint, D. Geerinck, I. Hoste, F. Van Rossum, B. Cornier, R. Schumacker, A. Vanderpoorten et H. Vannerom. Jardin botanique national de Belgique, Meise. CXXXIX + 1195 pp. ISBN : 9789072619884.
  • MNHNL, 2000-. Senecio inaequidens DC. in Recorder-Lux, database on the natural heritage of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Musée national d’histoire naturelle, Luxembourg. URL: [Accessed 2019-10-15]
  • MNHNL & iNaturalist, 2019. Senecio inaequidens DC. in MNHNL-mdata, online portal combining species observation from Recorder-Lux and iNaturalist. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg. URL: [Accessed 2019-10-15]
  • Reichling, L., 1990. Observations floristiques au Luxembourg 1980-1989. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 90: 55-70. [PDF 808 KB]
  • Ries, C., Y. Krippel, M. Pfeiffenschneider & S. Schneider, 2013. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of non-native vascular plant species in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 114: 15-21. [PDF 652 KB]

Suggested citation of this webpage

Ries, C. & M. Pfeiffenschneider (Eds.), 2019. Senecio inaequidens DC. In: - Invasive Alien Species in Luxembourg. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg. URL: [Accessed 2019-10-19].

 Last updated on Wednesday, October 16, 2019.