Robinia pseudoacacia L.

English Black locust, false acacia ISEIA: A3 – Black List
Lëtzebuergesch Schäin-Akazi EASIN
Français Robinier faux-acacia, acacia Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - False Acacia Wikipedia - Français - Robinier faux-acacia Wikipedia - Deutsch - Gewöhnliche Robinie Wikipedia - Nederlands - Robinia
Deutsch Gewöhnliche Robinie, Falsche Akazie Wikispecies: Wikispecies - Robinia pseudoacacia
Nederlands Robinia, valse acacia Back to the list of neophytes

Report the species

Report Robinia pseudoacacia to the National Museum of Natural History.

Importance and distribution in Luxembourg

Distribution map of Robinia pseudoacacia L. in Luxembourg. Recorder database, MNHNL, 19.01.2019.

The first documented occurrence of the species in the wild in Luxembourg dates from 1952. It was found by Marcel Etringer on 18th May 1952 in Groeknapp, municipality of Junglinster (Herbier specimen).

False acacia is a common ornamental tree in Luxembourg, and also occurs widely in the wild, mostly along roadside slopes and railway lines. The distribution map does not reflect the real distribution in the country: the species is so widespread that it is hardly reported any more. A recent inventory (2013) however revealed the false acacia to be one of the most common invasive alien vascular plant species along railways.

Until 2013 it was not considered an invasive alien species in Luxembourg by the forestry and nature conservation administration.

The false acacia plays a role in honey production in Luxembourg.

The flowerless cultivar ‘Umbraculifera’ has been cultivated in Luxembourg for a long time (Koltz 1875) and is quite frequent all across the country (Welter et al. 2008). A beautiful example can be seen in the court of the National Centre of Literature in Mersch. 1 Recently an increase in  the cultivar ‘Unifoliola’ as street and alignment tree has been observed (Welter et al. 2008).

Next to the Kaaschtel, a former oppidum across the French border near Altwies on former Luxembourg territory in France, a few huge and very old individuals of Robinia can be found. A legend says the Lord of Preisch brought them from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land and had them planted in 1787 (Commune de Mondorf 2013, Wikipedia Luxembourg 2013).

Robinia viscosa Vent., another north American species, is very rare in Luxembourg (Welter et al. 2008).

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol: A3 (2+3+3+3) = Black List (Ries et al. 2013: 19).

Bibliography concerning Luxembourg

  • Commune de Mondorf (2013) Le Castel – De Kaaschtel. URL: http://www.mondorf.info/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=17&Itemid=86&lang=fr [2013-09-27].
  • Koltz, J P J (1875) Dendrologie luxembourgeoise. Catalogue des arbres, arbrissaux et arbustes spontanés, subspontanés ou introduits dans les cultures du Grand-Duché de  Luxembourg. Imprimerie de V. Buck, Luxembourg
  • Pfeiffenschneider M, P Gräser & C Ries (2014) Distribution of selected neophytes along the main rivers of Luxembourg. Poster in 2 parts at XXXIe réunion annuelle des collaborateurs scientifiques du Musée national d’histoire naturelle Luxembourg, 15.03.2014. (pdf 2,7 MB)
  • Pfeiffenschneider M, P Gräser & C Ries (2014) Distribution of selected neophytes along the national railway network of Luxembourg. Poster at XXXIe réunion annuelle des collaborateurs scientifiques du Musée national d’histoire naturelle Luxembourg, 15.03.2014. (pdf 1,4 MB)
  • Ries, C., Y. Krippel, M. Pfeiffenschneider & S. Schneider, 2013. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of non-native vascular plant species in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 114: 15-21. [PDF 652 KB]
  • Schneider, N. & T. Walisch, 2009. Sur la présence au Luxembourg d’Obolodiplosis robiniae (Haldeman, 1847) (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 110: 161-166.
  • Welter A, J Turk & J Trossen (2008) Les arbres introduits au Luxembourg. Inventaire des essences arborescentes non indigènes de pleine terre présentes sur le territoire du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg. Ferrantia 53, Musée national d’histoire naturelle, Luxembourg, 111 p. [pdf 9,9 MB]
  • Wikipedia Luxembourg (2013) Kaaschtel. URL: http://lb.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaaschtel [2013-09-27].

Suggested citation of this webpage

Ries, C. & M. Pfeiffenschneider (Eds.), 2019. Robinia pseudoacacia L. In: neobiota.lu - Invasive Alien Species in Luxembourg. URL: https://neobiota.lu/robinia-pseudoacacia/ [19.01.2019].

 Last updated on Tue, Apr 10, 2018.

Notes:

  1. Address: Centre national de littérature, 2, rue Emmanuel-Servais, L-7565 Mersch. http://www.cnl.public.lu