Nyctereutes procyonoides (Gray, 1834)

Print Friendly, PDF & Email
English Raccoon dog Status LU: casual (?).
Lëtzebuergesch Maardéier-Hond 1 Status EU: established. IAS of EU concern (2017).
Français Chien viverrin RA: ISEIA: C0. Harmonia+: n/a.
Deutsch Marderhund Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - Raccoon dog Wikipedia - Français - Chien viverrin Wikipedia - Deutsch - Marderhund Wikipedia - Nederlands - Wasbeerhond | Wikispecies: Wikispecies - Nyctereutes procyonoides | CABI
Nederlands Wasbeerhond Back to the list of vertebrates

Report the species

Report Nyctereutes procyonoides to the National Museum of Natural History.

Brief description

Specimen of Nyctereutes procyonoides from the MNHNL collection. Origin, date and location unknown.

Nyctereutes procyonoides (Gray, 1834) often lives near water and prefers moist deciduous or mixed forests with abundant undergrowth. It may also occur in wetlands and in a mosaic of woodlands and agricultural areas. The raccoon dog is an opportunistic omnivore with a very wide food niche and is an excellent disperser. It has been reported to cause severe damage to amphibians, waterfowl colonies and tetraonid birds and may compete with native species such as red fox and badger.

IAS of Union concern

In 2017, Nyctereutes procyonoides (Gray, 1834) was added to the list of invasive alien species of Union concern (Anonymous 2017) which implies that member states shall take all necessary steps to prevent it’s unintentional introduction or spread.

Status and distribution in Luxembourg

There is no documented observation of the species in Luxembourg yet (MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF 2019), but the raccoon dog may have been sighted a few times by hunters (Naturverwaltung 2012). Since the presence of the species has been confirmed in the Greater Region, its actual or future presence in Luxembourg is probable.

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol

C0 (3+3+1+1) (Ries et al. 2014: 199).

Harmonia+ protocol

Not assessed yet.

Worldwide distribution


  • Anonymous, 2017. Commission implementing regulation (EU) 2017/1263 of 12 July 2017 updating the list of invasive alien species of Union concern established by Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1141 pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council. Official Journal of the European Union L 182: 37-39 (13.7.2017).
  • CABI, 2019. Nyctereutes procyonoides (Gray, 1834). In: Invasive Species Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. URL: [accessed 2020-04-22]
  • MNHNL, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2019. MNHNL-mdata, online portal combining species observation from Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist and GBIF. National Museum of Natural History, Luxembourg. URL: [Accessed 2019-10-25]
  • Naturverwaltung (ed.), 2012. Technischer Bericht der Naturverwaltung betreffend Wildtiermanagement und Jagd, Nummer 2 (2012), 68 pp.
  • Naturverwaltung (ed.), 2013. Jagbare Wildtierarten Luxemburgs. 96 pp.
  • Ries, C., M. Pfeiffenschneider, Engel, E., J.-C. Heidt & M. Lauff, 2014. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of vertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 115: 195-201. [PDF 247 KB]
  • Schley, L., C. Schanck, M. Schaul & C. Sinner, 2001. Neubürger und Heimkehrer unter den Wildtieren Luxemburgs. Beiträge zur Jagd- und Wildforschung 26: 141-154.
  • Wörterbuchkommission (Hrsg.), 1987. Luxemburger Wörterbuch. 5 Bd. Im Auftrag der Grossherzoglichen Luxemburgischen Regierung. Linden, Luxemburg.

 Page content last updated on 2020-04-22.