Neovison vison (Schreber, 1777)

English American mink ISEIA: A0 – Alert List
Lëtzebuergesch Amerikaneschen Näerz 1 EASIN
Français Vison d’Amérique Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - American mink Wikipedia - Français - Vison d'Amérique Wikipedia - Deutsch - Amerikanischer Nerz Wikipedia - Nederlands - Amerikaanse nerts
Deutsch Amerikanischer Nerz, Mink Wikispecies: Wikispecies - Neovison vison
Nederlands Amerikaanse nerts Back to the list of vertebrates

Report the species

Report Neovison vison to the National Museum of Natural History.

Importance and distribution in Luxembourg

The first and only documented occurrence of American mink in Luxembourg dates from March 1993, when a mink was caught in a trap by a hunter in the vicinity of the village of Manternach (Municipality of Manternach). It is not known whether there is an established population in Luxembourg (Schley 2001).

In both its native and introduced ranges, the American mink is commonly found on brook and riverbanks with dense vegetation, damp forests, reed beds and marshes. Individuals escaping from fur farms have established feral populations in many European countries. Whereas this species has already been observed in the wild several times in Belgium, it has not been reported to have developed viable populations so far. M. vison may severely reduce prey populations (salmonids, amphibians, waterfowl, rodents, etc.) and is a serious threat for red-listed ground nesting birds. It is also suspected of displacing its relative, the European mink Mustela lutreola, and the European polecat Mustela putorius [Source:].

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol: A0 (3+3+3+2) = Alert List (Ries et al. 2014: 199).

Bibliography concerning Luxembourg

  • Naturverwaltung (ed.), 2013. Jagbare Wildtierarten Luxemburgs. 96 pp.
  • Pir, J.B. & L. Schley, 2015. Développement des connaissances sur la répartition et l’écologie des mammifères au Luxembourg entre 1990 et 2015. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 116: 437-455.
  • Ries, C., M. Pfeiffenschneider, Engel, E., J.-C. Heidt & M. Lauff, 2014. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of vertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 115: 195-201. [PDF 247 KB]
  • Schley, L., 2001. First Record of the American Mink Mustela vison (Mammalia, Mustelidae) in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 102: 45-48. [PDF 215 Kb]
  • Schley, L., C. Schanck, M. Schaul & C. Sinner, 2001. Neubürger und Heimkehrer unter den Wildtieren Luxemburgs. Beiträge zur Jagd- und Wildforschung 26: 141-154.

Suggested citation of this webpage

Ries, C. & M. Pfeiffenschneider (Eds.), 2019. Neovison vison (Schreber, 1777). In: - Invasive Alien Species in Luxembourg. URL: [21.08.2019].

 Last updated on Wednesday, May 29, 2019.


  1. Näerz: cf. Wörterbuchkommission (Hrsg.), 1987. Luxemburger Wörterbuch. 5 Bd. Im Auftrag der Grossherzoglichen Luxemburgischen Regierung. Linden, Luxemburg.