Carassius gibelio (Bloch, 1782)

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English Prussian carp ISEIA: C1
Lëtzebuergesch Grousse koppesche Kaarp 1 EASIN
Français Carassin argenté Wikipedia: Wikipedia - English - Prussian carp Wikipedia - Français - Carassin argenté Wikipedia - Deutsch - Giebel Wikipedia - Nederlands - Giebel
Deutsch Giebel Wikispecies: Wikispecies - Carassius gibelio
Nederlands Giebel Back to the list of vertebrates

Report the species

Report Carassius gibelio to the National Museum of Natural History.

Status and distribution in Luxembourg

Distribution map of Carassius gibelio Bloch, 1782 in Luxembourg. Data source: Recorder-Lux, iNaturalist & GBIF, 2020-01-27.

Supposedly the Prussian carp was introduced in Luxembourg in the period 1820 – 1830 (De La Fontaine 1872). During river inventories in 2005, 392 individuals were caught in the rivers Alzette, Lower Sauer and Moselle, which was three times as many as were caught during a similar survey in 1996/1997 but with catches occurring in fewer rivers (Administration de la Gestion de l’Eau 2010).

The Prussian carp is a thermophilic fish species living in eutrophic still and slow-running waters, often with submerged aquatic vegetation. It is a prolific species which is believed to be responsible for the decline of native fish, invertebrate and plant populations in different areas. Furthermore, it is notorious for increasing water turbidity because of its habit of stirring up bottom sediments during feeding.

Risk assessment

ISEIA protocol: C1 (2+2+1+1) (Ries et al. 2014: 199).


  • Administration de la Gestion de l’Eau (2010): Les poissons au Luxembourg, Cartographie des poissons, lamproies et écrevisses du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, 213 pp.
  • De la Fontaine, A. (1872): Faune du Pays du Luxembourg. – Poissons Publ. Inst. Roy. Gr.-D. Luxb. 8: 1-88.
  • Klees, H., 1981. Luxemburger Tiernamen. Beiträge zur luxemburgischen Sprach- und Volkskunde XIV. Institut grand-ducal, Section de linguistique, de folklore et de toponymie. 2. Aufl. 131 S. Imprimerie Pierre Linden, Luxembourg.
  • Ries, C., M. Pfeiffenschneider, Engel, E., J.-C. Heidt & M. Lauff, 2014. Environmental impact assessment and black, watch and alert list classification after the ISEIA Protocol of vertebrates in Luxembourg. Bull. Soc. Nat. luxemb. 115: 195-201. [PDF 247 KB]

 Page content last updated on 2018-04-13.